ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources

 

Return to home page

 

 

Back to ESL articles for teachers

 

 

Courtesy of

THE ENGLISH SPECIALIST
http://english.specialist.hu

english@specialist.hu

 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers

 

 

Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers


 

Commands

Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.

 

Singular

informal

Plural

informal

Singular

formal

Plural

formal

English

ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in

siess

siessetek

siessen

siessenek

hurry!

hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that

figyelj

figyeljetek

figyeljen

figyeljenek

listen

töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)

énekelj

énekeljetek

énekeljen

énekeljenek

sing!

 


Other words and phrases

 

lassan

slowly

gyorsan

quickly

csendben

quietly

 jó

good

nagyon jó

very good

jól

well

rossz

bad

udvarias

polite

udvariatlan

impolite

szia

hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night

viszlát

bye-bye

kérem

please

köszönöm

thank you

igen

yes

nem

no

itt

here

ott

there

most

now

holnap

tomorrow

még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?

 


Pronunciation

These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:

 

i

something like 'i' in 'hit'

u

something like 'u' in 'put'

ó

long, rounded 'o'

ö

something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded

é

similar to 'a' in 'day'

á

something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open

ü

like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French

s

like 'sh' in 'shop'

sz

like 's' in 'sea'

gy

like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it

cs

like 'ch' in 'chicken'

j

like 'y' in 'yes'

 

 

http://english.specialist.hu

 

 

Copyright 2004 The English Specialist

 

ESL GAME: Sticky Fingers  by: Sabia
First designate a 'key word' like Dog, or Cat. Each student grabs one of your fingers. Start yelling out random words. This works best if you use a bunch of nonsense words that sound like the key..
ESL Game - Battleship  by: kr
Title: Battleship Type: Concentration game Target: Any vocabulary Materials: None Procedure: Divide the class into 4 or 5 teams. The teams are now crews on a Battleship at war with the other ships...
Fun Ways to Teach Things to Preschoolers  by: Mary Robinson
My philosophy for anyone working with preschool children is that the teacher must have a full resource file of fun ways to teach things to preschoolers. When you think of a preschool child, 3-5 year..
Teaching English As A Second Language: A How To Guide  by: articles charmen
If you're considering a job teaching English, you're in good company. The large number of U.S. immigrants, coupled with the many businesses that focus on teaching English overseas means this can be a..
Object Pronouns  by: jt
"Is she writing to Leonardo di Caprio?" "Yes, she is in love with ___!" a. her b. him c. his Answer-b "John is making a lot of noise!" "I'll ask ___ to be quiet." a. him b. it c. its Answer-a "Please..
What's The Time - Mr Wolf?  by: Andrew Carter
What’s the time, Mr Wolf? Here’s a lesson plan for teaching time telling to elementary level English language students. The lesson is based around an English playground game. One person stands..
Games for Teaching English to a Child  by: Phillip Chappell
Teaching young students English as a Second Language, ESL, can be fun for both the students and for the instructor, especially with the use of games. According to the Cambridge University Press,..
ESL Activities With Little Preparation - Lesson  by: Keith Taylor
How often do you find yourself preparing a class, racking your brain for something different, a new activity to liven up a group of tired students, or just to bring something fresh to the classroom?..
Fun ESL Games for Kids  by: Kara Page
Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) can often involve vocabulary lists, essays and rote memorization. However, many children will benefit from ESL games in the classroom. The key to a..
Using Roll Paper For Preschool Projects  by: Eric Kampel
Maybe you are a teacher planning projects for your class. Perhaps you are a pre school or daycare director and need to make sure the students have plenty of opportunity to learn, socialize, learn..
How to Create an ESL Listening Lesson Plan  by: Nadine Smith
Lesson plans ensure success by establishing goals and then outlining activities to reach these goals. The particular goals of an English as a Second Language (ESL) listening lesson plan depend on the..
Preschool Lessons on Hats  by: Helen Fitzgerald
Children love hats. They love dressing up, looking silly, laughing at other kids looking silly and playing parts. Use this love of hats to talk about jobs, act out roles, make books come to life and..
Hurricane teaching tip - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt, MS
With this severe, active, hurricane season underway, here are some ideas to make areas of the curriculum relevant to your children. If you are in an area that experiences other natural phenomena,..
Lesson 7 - The Best Accountant  by: jt
The Story An accountant answered an advertisement for a job with a large firm. At the end of the interview the chairman said, "One last question-- what is three times seven?" The accountant thought..
How to Teach a Child English One to One - Tips  by: Shelley Vernon
On the ESL forums one often sees teachers asking for ideas to make their one to one lessons more fun. Many teachers are brilliant in the classroom but are at a loss for ideas when it comes to..
April Fool's Day Activities Teaching Tips - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt, MS
April Fool's Day is quite an appropriate way to begin National Humor Month. Here is some background information plus a few activities for you to enjoy. Did you know that April Fool's Day began in..
How to Teach Conversation Techniques in ESL  by: Maggie McCormick
Conversation is an essential skill for ESL students, but it is one that can be difficult to master. The student needs to be able to understand what the other person is saying and know the correct..
Grammar Games for Beginners  by: Wayne
Studying grammar is rarely thought of as fun. Yet it is an important component of effective communication. Grammar provides the rules that speakers and writers need to follow in order to be clearly..
TRANSLATION 4 - Short Lesson  by: re
Prepare cards that have 5 English words on them or 5 Japanese (or the local language) words. In rows, students compete to finish the most translation cards. The first person in the row goes to the..
ESL GAME: Whispers  by: Sabia
Put the Students into a circle. Whisper a simple sentence or word into the first student’s ear. He or She must say the exact same sentence to the next student. And so on until the last student in..
ESL Intermediate Exercises  by: Lane Cummings
Exercises are crucial for intermediate ESL students. These exercises need to reinforce the lessons that they've already learned so that the information becomes second nature to students. There are..
| Teaching ESL by Way of Conversation in E-Learning  by: Sue Gench
Teaching ESL by way of conversation, a common practice in face-face-instruction, is becoming highly motivating to ESL students in e-learning. I hear from teachers I work with and from my own teaching..
Spring cleaning teaching tip - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt, MS
Okay! It's Spring! Time for cleaning! Along with painting the house, planting new flowers, and/or cleaning out the garage; get children involved in cleaning their rooms, closets, classrooms, or..
Effective Listening Activities for ESL Students  by: Chris Cotter
Most ESL students will say that listening is difficult, if not actually admit that this is their weakest skill. The difficulty comes down to two main points. The first point results from the pace,..
How to Create Effective Lesson Plans for Adults  by: Gale Macaulay-Newcombe
Teaching adults is quite different from teaching children. Adults have busy lives with many responsibilities and demands on their time, and they have chosen to allocate some of their limited,..
ESL GAME: Clothes Fun  by: Sabia
Students form teams of 2. Each team has a bag with some clothes in it. You ask: put on your hat etc.…. The first team members put on the clothes. He/She must say "This is my shirt" "These are my..
Teaching English Word Games  by: Sarah Davis
Games are tools that make it easier for children to learn new things. They can also help adults with learning new information. If the learning game is fun, the child or adult will want to play the..
ESL Games - O  by: jt
Object Toss Select three soft objects. Assign object#1 the question "Do you want some milk?", assign object#2 the response "Yes, I do." And object#3, "No, I don't". Toss each object to a student and..
Geography Games for Students  by: Mackenzie Wright
Difficulty: Easy Playing geography classgamesis an excellent way to engage students and keep them on their toes.Games that lighten the mood make great fillers for the end of the period when lessons..
Game - Ultimate Frisbee - Short Lesson  by: sam
For this, you need one decent frisbee and a relatively flat piece of land. There are two teams, and the least on each team you can have is two, unless you plan on catching what you throw. Each team..
Teaching English Through Crafts (Art)  by: Dr. Robert W. F. Taylor
In any classroom, it is important to get students paying attention and listening. One way that I have found effective is to have students create simple, fun crafts. Children of all ages love to..
Teaching English With a Mirror - Lesson  by: Andrew Carter
Teaching English with a Mirror Here’s a lesson plan aimed at Intermediate level students of English as a Second Language. As the students gather for the lesson, there are several mirrors on display..
How to Set Objectives for a Lesson Plan  by: Collaborator
Objectives are appealing because they aim to make daily learning as statistical as standardized test scores. Teachers know that sometimes learning doesn't work in a linear way and often balk at..
Prepositions II - Quiz  by: jt
Yes. You may write ___ ink by in with Answer-in You can get there ___ bus or ___ foot. by, by with, with by, on Answer-by, on Look! We are flying ___ the ocean. over on in Answer-over John is sitting..
PAIR DICTATION - Short Lesson  by: re
Post copies of a paragraph on the back wall. One member of each pair goes to a copy and remembers as much of it as possible. That student then dictates it to the partner. They continue as long as it..
Spelling Tic-Tac-Toe Game - Lesson  by: Eric
Here's a great game to help kids with their spelling. Materials Whiteboard or blackboard or paper or wall, its up to you 9 words that you want to practice. How to play Pick 9 words that you want to..
Tic-Tac Toe - Short Lesson  by: yi
Create a traditional tic-tac-toe table. You can create this table on the board where you conduct most of your teaching. You can also be creative by using materials like colored cloth to create a..
Halloween Games for pre-teens  by: answers.yahoo.com
It will just be the three of us. My pre-teen daughters and I are having a "family game night" today.
Parts of Speech Worksheets for ESL Students  by: Tamara Van Hooser
Sentence structure varies from language to language so learning how the parts of speech work together to form a grammatically correct sentence is the cornerstone of beginning ESL classes. Grammar..
Fun Christmas Science Experiments  by: Ilana Boyum
The Christmas holidays can be a challenging time to keep kids focused and engaged at school, as visions of winter vacation, Christmas presents and snowmen take center stage in their minds. Teachers..