ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources


Return to home page



Back to ESL articles for teachers



Courtesy of


 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers



Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers



Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.











ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in






hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that






töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)







Other words and phrases










nagyon jó

very good










hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night






thank you













még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?



These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:



something like 'i' in 'hit'


something like 'u' in 'put'


long, rounded 'o'


something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded


similar to 'a' in 'day'


something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open


like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French


like 'sh' in 'shop'


like 's' in 'sea'


like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it


like 'ch' in 'chicken'


like 'y' in 'yes'



Copyright 2004 The English Specialist


ESL GAME: Robbers and Cops  by: Sabia
You'll need to get a number of small objects for this game. You can use objects found around the classroom, or any other objects you would like to bring into the classroom. Split the young learners..
Game: Paper, Rock, Scissors - Short Lesson  by: sam
The game of Paper, Rock, Scissors is both a means of entertainment and a way to make quick, easy decisions when confronted with two different options or opinions. This game is almost exclusively..
Time: 20 min Level:intermediate Gender: M/F Age:15 Materials: pictures Interaction: T/Ss,Ss/T, Ss/Ss Assumptions: Ss know the present and the past tenses Anticipated Problems: Timing,elicitation..
Teaching English As A Foreign Language - 7 Tips For Using Popular Movies  by: Larry M. Lynch
Movies and Videos in the EFL Classroom If you're looking to expand the role of movies and videos in your EFL classroom, what better way to expand the learners' communicative skills, grammar and..
Kids Learn English Language through Interactivity and Colorful Design  by: Vladimir Chen
One of the most crucial methods in determining and mastering the English Language is to read, read, and read. It is told that a good reader is likewise a effective writer and a good speaker. One’s..
Classroom Activities to Teach Preschool English  by: David Stewart
Teaching preschool English calls for a creative approach designed to hold attention. Between ages 2 and 4, children can grasp the concept of a letter by looking at it, tracing it and hearing it used..
Tag Questions - Have you? Are you? Do you?  by: jt
You don't smoke, ___? a. have you b. are you c. do you Answerc You haven't got a car, ___? a. have you b. are you c. do you Answera You don't know her, ___? a. have you b. are you c. do you Answerc..
The ESL Grammar Translation Method  by: Kara Page
Choosing a method of teaching or learning English as a Second Language (ESL) mainly depends on the goals of the student. The grammar translation approach to language learning is an older method that..
The Eight Great Spelling Rules  by: Mark Pennington
Although the American-English spelling system has evolved from many sources, there are specific patterns that are well-worth learning. These spelling patterns, or spelling rules, all have exceptions;..
Geography Bee Preparation - Lesson  by: Pamela Stevens
When preparing for a geography bee, students must extend their studies beyond map locations and into relationships or how one area influences another. Study Aids for Geography Bee Preparation Maps..
Teaching Grammar - 5 Tips to Help You and Your Students  by: Elizabeth O'brien
1. Know Your Subject This is obvious, but it must be said. I have sat in classroom where the teacher told the students that adjectives modified nouns, pronouns, and other adjectives. Ahhhhh!..
ESL Last Day Games  by: Joel Barnard
Students of English as a second language, or ESL, are unlikely to be particularly receptive to a traditional lesson structure on the last day of class. Instead, provide a lesson that gives you and..
ESL Worksheets & Games  by: River Lin
Worksheets and games are standard procedure for many ESL classrooms. As students learn English as a second language, they begin to process not only the mechanics of grammar, but also the nuances of..
ESL Activities - ESL Teacher Andrew Lawton Lesson  by: Andrew Lawton
Interactive Reading Activity for ESL Classroom In your ESL class you will most likely have students reading out loud when you are covering a reading passage. One way to do this is to have students..
Adjectives Lesson Plan - Adjective Practice For Your Students  by: Renee Goodrich
This is a great way to get your students to explore the variety of adjectives that can be applied to one noun. Take any noun and write it on the board. Ask your students to help you use adjectives to..
A and AN - Short Lesson  by: re
Draw a large a and a large an on separate pieces of paper. It is best if these words are written inside amusing animal shapes. Divide the class into two teams. The first child from each team puts..
ESL game: Something's Different - Short Lesson  by: lee
Get the whole class together. Ask one of them to leave the room, then get the remaining students to change five things about the classroom. For example, you could put a chair on a table, or get two..
Sweet-Face Oxen: Child's Poem - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: ROBIN DAY B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
Sweet-Face Oxen I'd love to ride a cow or ox, to scratch its ear, to walk and talk. They are such kindly beasts you know, to bear us forth to reap or sow. I'd lay or sit or sing or play upon my..
Halloween Howler (Questions)  by: Deanna Mascle
1. What rock star worked as a gravedigger before starting his musical career? A. Roy Orbison B. Billy Joel C. Mick Jaggar D. Rod Stewart 1. What famous rock star worked as a gravedigger before..
Teaching First Words - Tips  by: Andrew Carter
I was enjoying a cup of coffee the other day, talking to a friend about teaching English to non-English speakers. He was speculating as to how I could presume to teach someone without knowing their..
speed dating (in the classroom) - Lesson  by:
This project is for introducing oneself and starting conversations. If you go to this will be easy for you to print out. Go to for..
ESL GAME: Happy Word Families  by: Sabia
Make several teams. Give four/three flashcards from a single word family (Animals, Transports, Food, etc) to each member of the group. The students look carefully at their cards. Then all the cards..
How To Play Seven Up (Video) - Short Lesson  by: yun
classroom games
ESL Activities: About Schools  by: Kristle Jones
Create fun and engaging ESL activities about school. ESL activities are one of the keys to successful language learning. Make the activities relevant to things that the students do and see on a daily..
SENTENCE SCRAMBLE - Short Lesson  by: re
Scramble up the words in a sentence. Students try to put the sentence back in the right order. Can be played as a whole class, in teams, or in pairs.
Principles for Teaching ESL  by: Victoria Gorski
ESL (English as a Second Language) needs to be taught in an active and interesting way, allowing students to participate in lessons and develop language skills to use in real situations. Any student..
Book Sale - Lesson + quiz  by: Elite Hussar
The Story "I may want to read it again one day" is the reason why my husband keeps every book he reads. Over 25 years most of them, never opened again after the first reading, have accumulated in our..
Third-Grade Christmas Craft Ideas  by: Aya Pauli
Christmas craft ideas for a third-grade class need to use slightly more advanced techniques than crafts for young kids, but keep the process shorter than crafts for older kids. Third-grade students..
How to Teach Math in ESL Class  by: Shannon Johnson
Math can be a challenging subject for any student but especially for those students deemed to be ESL or English speakers of other languages. These students' first language is not English and yet,..
Must Have Materials for the ESL Classroom - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Tim Day, B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
ESL tools. Teacher collects and decorates with these materials but the children should make most of them in class. They take possession of the room in this way, something like territorial marking for..
Making Book Reviews Easy For Your ESL Class  by: Jane Wangersky
Reviewing a book in a foreign language seems like an overwhelming task at first - but it's one you can lead your ESL students through by getting them to answer the right questions and respond to the..
Prepositions II - Quiz  by: jt
Yes. You may write ___ ink by in with Answer-in You can get there ___ bus or ___ foot. by, by with, with by, on Answer-by, on Look! We are flying ___ the ocean. over on in Answer-over John is sitting..
Games Silent Ball (variation)  by: teacher
Silent Ball. Students pass a koosh ball or nerf ball to each other, but the point of the game is they have to try to get the attention of the person with the ball silently (hints the name). Students..
Teaching Tips - How to Write a Memorable Lesson  by: Darrell Causey
If you are tired of the boring lessons that come with your curriculum then start writing your own lessons. It's not that difficult and your students will appreciate the change. The first thing you..
Foreign Movie Review Form - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Day B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
Here is a movie review form I used to hand out in Korean university classes. Students like to watch and review movies. It makes a good homework assignment. Ask the student to review a foreign film...
WORD RACE - Short Lesson  by: re
First student from each row comes to the board. Teacher calls out a letter. Students must write down all the words they can think of that begin with that letter. Teacher calls time s up after about..
Ideas for ESL Games  by: Kara Page
Studying English as a Second Language (ESL) can often be monotonous, particularly when lessons include rote memorization, repetition and lectures; however, you can adapt nearly any ESL topic, whether..
ESL GAME: Rhyming Pair Game  by: Sabia
Make a rhyming pairs set of cards with one word on each card. If you have young kids you can use pictures instead of words. Place the cards face down on the table. Students must take it in turns to..
ESL Chess Games with 2-4 kids - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Tim Day B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
The whole class can make the figures/players with paper clay and chess boards with paper squares or ink. Paper clay is cheap and dries in a few days and then kids can paint it. The game of chess is..
For ESL Teachers - Teaching the Alphabet Effectively to Adult ESL Students  by: Joan Pougiales
Many adult ESL students have had limited educations and, even in their native languages, have limited literacy skills. For many, the concept of alphabetical order is unknown. Yet alphabetical order..