ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources

 

Return to home page

 

 

Back to ESL articles for teachers

 

 

Courtesy of

THE ENGLISH SPECIALIST
http://english.specialist.hu

english@specialist.hu

 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers

 

 

Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers


 

Commands

Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.

 

Singular

informal

Plural

informal

Singular

formal

Plural

formal

English

ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in

siess

siessetek

siessen

siessenek

hurry!

hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that

figyelj

figyeljetek

figyeljen

figyeljenek

listen

töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)

énekelj

énekeljetek

énekeljen

énekeljenek

sing!

 


Other words and phrases

 

lassan

slowly

gyorsan

quickly

csendben

quietly

 jó

good

nagyon jó

very good

jól

well

rossz

bad

udvarias

polite

udvariatlan

impolite

szia

hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night

viszlát

bye-bye

kérem

please

köszönöm

thank you

igen

yes

nem

no

itt

here

ott

there

most

now

holnap

tomorrow

még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?

 


Pronunciation

These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:

 

i

something like 'i' in 'hit'

u

something like 'u' in 'put'

ó

long, rounded 'o'

ö

something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded

é

similar to 'a' in 'day'

á

something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open

ü

like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French

s

like 'sh' in 'shop'

sz

like 's' in 'sea'

gy

like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it

cs

like 'ch' in 'chicken'

j

like 'y' in 'yes'

 

 

http://english.specialist.hu

 

 

Copyright 2004 The English Specialist

 

Reading Comprehension Activities for ESL Students  by: Tonya Yirka
When working with ESL (English as a second language) adult students, remember that they are probably proficient in their native language and can read in that language as well. Therefore, they have..
Reading Comprehension Lessons For Primary-Elementary Students  by: Renee Goodrich
Reading comprehension lessons for primary/elementary students that you can do with any text. 1. Dictionary Meaning - Select a paragraph of a text and ask your students to circle the words that you..
ESL Games for Children  by: Amber D. Walker
Teaching English to children can be very rewarding, but teachers must face many challenges. Children may learn languages quickly, but they also get frustrated and bored easily and need to be..
Lesson 4 - Wedding Gifts  by: jt
The Story Jack and his bride were opening their wedding gifts. After unwrapping each package, Lisa would exclaim enthusiastically, "We really need these towels" or "We'll enjoy eating off these..
ESL Game - Monkey in the middle  by: kr
Title: Monkey in the middle Type: Active Game Target: Any vocabulary Materials: mini word/picture cards Procedure: Students sit in chairs in a circle. Each student has a mini word/picture card. One..
How the Grinch Stole Christmas Activities for Second Graders  by: Krystal Miller
Around Christmas, some second grade teachers choose to have a lesson plan about the book and movie, "The Grinch Who Stole Christmas." When planning lessons about the Grinch, use your imagination to..
Vocabulary Exercises for ESL Students  by: Erin Schreiner
Along with learning standard academic lessons, English as a Second Language (ESL) students must work to develop their English vocabulary so they can better understand information they encounter in..
Improving Comprehension With Closure Activities  by: Adam Waxler
One of the most important parts of the any lesson is the how it ends. Teachers need to have some type of closure activity at the end of each lesson if they are truly interested in improving..
Seeds Scare Me! Poem Analysis - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Day B.Sc., M.Sc., B.Ed.
Nonsense Poems are a category popular with children and some adults. They are written to entertain and most have no special meaning just interesting words and sounds and structure. Write this one on..
Sweet-Face Oxen: Child's Poem - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: ROBIN DAY B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
Sweet-Face Oxen I'd love to ride a cow or ox, to scratch its ear, to walk and talk. They are such kindly beasts you know, to bear us forth to reap or sow. I'd lay or sit or sing or play upon my..
How to Use Drama in ESL Lessons  by: Contributor
While some teachers may be apprehensive about using drama in ESL lessons, many students enjoy drama lessons because role-plays or "getting out of their skin" helps them overcome shyness. It also..
Guessing game: I spy - Short Lesson  by: sam
One person starts by choosing an object (a cow, for example) and says "I spy with my little eye, something beginning with C" or simply "I spy something beginning with C." The other players look..
ESL Exercises in Present Continuous Tense  by: Nancy Kyllingstad
The present continuous verb tense describes action occurring in the moment. "He is washing dishes" implies that his hands are in the dishwater right now. Students need a firm grasp of the conjugation..
Telephone Game - Short Lesson  by: jin
Many ESL students have difficulty polishing their telephone skills. Even advanced ESL students have a hard time concentrating on their business English skills on the telephone. One way to practice..
ANYTHING GOES - Short Lesson  by: re
Students try to come up with as many different answers to one question as they can. The teacher asks something like, How many fingers do you have? . The first student will probably say, I have ten..
What to do when the students are not interested? - Tips  by: PL
Ask them questions about anything (friends, neighbors, family, hobbies, food: noodles, sushi, kinchi, pizza..). Also allow them to ask you questions. Find out what they like and want to do. Good luck!
Pictures teaching tip - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt, MS
As you take pictures of your children and school events throughout the year, use them in Language Arts! For instance, your class went on a Field Trip to a farm. You saw various animals, went to the..
How to Teach ESL Songs - A Guide For TEFL Teachers  by: Mark Aubrey
tudents really enjoy singing and songs are a fun way for them to learn new vocabulary and practice using the language. This article offers some tips on how you can use songs in your class to improve..
Can you think of any fun hands-on art activities for Kindergarten?  by: answers.yahoo.com
Nothing crafty please. Preferably something that will allow students to use their individual creativity. Note: I am not asking people to do my job for me lol. I have a lesson plan for tomorrow, but I..
Christmas in the Classroom  by: Shaunta Alburger
The Christmas holiday lends itself well to plenty of classroom decorating and activity ideas. The whole month of December can become a time of creativity and fun as you integrate the holiday into..
English Language Games - The Fun Way of Learning  by: Karlee Demierre
I think one of the failures in English speaking countries when it comes to teaching second languages is that we do not make it fun. I remember starting French at age 7 and just repeating phrases over..
Elections teaching tip - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt, MS
An election brings many opportunities to relate curriculum to real life. Whether it is a local or national election, here are some ideas to try before and after Election Day. 1. Discuss how the..
Korean Essential Classroom Commands/Words for ESL Teachers with Audio - ESL lesson  by: ESL Teachers Board
Please wait to be redirected
PASS THE FLAG - Short Lesson  by: re
Prepare a list of questions, give a flag to the first person in each row. The first person to raise his/her flag may answer the question. If the answer is correct, the student may pass the flag to..
Which is the odd word out Quiz  by: jt
Find the difference one 1. a. cup b. saucer c. carpet d. mug 2. a. drummer b. singer c. piano d. guitarist 3. a. work b. job c. appointment d. career 4. a. rain b. snow c. blizzard d. ice 5. a...
Activities to Teach ESL Students Subject-Verb Agreements  by: Teresa Dashwood
Subject-verb agreement in English is one of the most confusing aspects for all language learners, including native English speakers. For English as a Second Language students, the subject-verb..
9th grade English class read longer selections, such as The Most Dangerous Game  by: answers.yahoo.com
Do you have them read in groups? Or in pairs? Or individually? I am limited because we only have a classroom set of books, so the students may not take them home. Thanks for any suggestions!
Games to Play in an Elementary Classroom  by: Karen Hollowell
Difficulty: Easy Elementary school teachers use classroom games frequently to reinforce skills. Children in these grades enjoy games, and do not mind schoolwork if they are having fun. Games can also..
Christmas Lesson Plans for Toddlers  by: Erin O. Smith
Young children are always excited at Christmas. Incorporating the holiday into your lesson plans is a fun and educational way to reach toddlers. Christmas Music Classic songs with short simple..
Child's Logic: A sad poem - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Day B.Sc., M.Sc., B.Ed.
Child's Logic We found you under the old church stones. We knocked on doors, we looked for homes. This was good so we thought. This was good so we were taught. No mothers would take you in...? Down..
Acrostics is fun - Lesson  by: Elephant
Try acrostics. My students really like this game, especially when ice creams await the winners. Acrostics is a game in which the class is divided into groups of three or four. The teacher writes..
SHOPPING GAME - Short Lesson  by: re
Divide the class into shopkeepers and shoppers. (You decide the balance.) Give shopkeepers a kind of shop (e.g. fishmonger) and a list of things to sell. They make up their own prices. Give shoppers..
Game: Hopscotch - Short Lesson  by: sam
Hopscotch is a simple jumping game that is easy to set-up and easy to learn. To play outdoors, all you need is a package of colored or plain white chalk, child-safe items like colored stones for the..
English Worksheets For ESL Students Vs. Native Speaking Students  by: Aaron Whirl
It goes without saying that English worksheets, and especially English grammar worksheets, are anything but one-size-fits-all. In fact, nothing could be farther from the truth. For example, lesson..
Fill-In-The-Blank - Short Lesson  by: js
Prepare a worksheet containing a text or song lyrics with key words blanked out. For beginners you can blank out alphabet letters and not whole words, choosing distinct sounds rather than silent..
Geography Quiz: English Reading - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Day B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
1. One of the biggest islands in the world. 2. People eat a lot of imported food. 3. Almost half the people came from Ireland in the 1800s. 4. People are crazy about ice hockey. 5. Many men love to..
ESL Games for Large Classes  by: River Lin
Ideally, ESL classes shouldn’t be large because for optimal language acquisition, students need ample opportunities to interact with English in real-life situations. Real-life learning..
7 Activities to Promote Reading For Preschoolers  by: Christine Gayle
Have you ever noticed how much little 4 and 5 year old children like to just play? They seem to take even the most trivial of activities and turn them into something fun. So why not make a game out..
Writing Prompts Your Students Will Love - Lesson  by: Jennifer Dobson
Prompts are useful for many different kinds of writing exercises. You might choose to use a writing prompt as a daily warm-up activity. Writing prompts are also useful to have on hand for when..
What Is An Abstract Noun? - 7 Activities That Focus On Identifying Abstract Nouns  by: Renee Goodrich
Abstract nouns refer to a state, concept or feeling and cannot be perceived by any of the five senses. If you want your students to be able to identify them then your students need to spend time..