ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources

 

Return to home page

 

 

Back to ESL articles for teachers

 

 

Courtesy of

THE ENGLISH SPECIALIST
http://english.specialist.hu

english@specialist.hu

 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers

 

 

Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers


 

Commands

Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.

 

Singular

informal

Plural

informal

Singular

formal

Plural

formal

English

ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in

siess

siessetek

siessen

siessenek

hurry!

hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that

figyelj

figyeljetek

figyeljen

figyeljenek

listen

töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)

énekelj

énekeljetek

énekeljen

énekeljenek

sing!

 


Other words and phrases

 

lassan

slowly

gyorsan

quickly

csendben

quietly

 jó

good

nagyon jó

very good

jól

well

rossz

bad

udvarias

polite

udvariatlan

impolite

szia

hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night

viszlát

bye-bye

kérem

please

köszönöm

thank you

igen

yes

nem

no

itt

here

ott

there

most

now

holnap

tomorrow

még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?

 


Pronunciation

These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:

 

i

something like 'i' in 'hit'

u

something like 'u' in 'put'

ó

long, rounded 'o'

ö

something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded

é

similar to 'a' in 'day'

á

something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open

ü

like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French

s

like 'sh' in 'shop'

sz

like 's' in 'sea'

gy

like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it

cs

like 'ch' in 'chicken'

j

like 'y' in 'yes'

 

 

http://english.specialist.hu

 

 

Copyright 2004 The English Specialist

 

Using the Press as a Language Teaching Tool - Tips  by: Andrew Carter
One of a ‘toolbox’ of teaching techniques that I use with my overseas students in my role as a Teacher of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) is our local paper! When you consider this, remember..
Lesson 2 - Anniversary-birthday Card  by: jt
The Story "Do you have any anniversary-birthday cards?" a man asked the stationer. "We have anniversary cards and we have birthday cards, but we don't carry one that combines both. Why?" "Simple ,"..
ESL Relay Games  by: Victoria Weinblatt
Difficulty: Easy Relaygamesin the English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom offer a welcome change toeveryday lessons. ESL relay games are ideal for a large class because everyone takes a turn and..
Game that kids can play in the classroom to help them remmember their class mates names - Short Lesson  by: PL
I teach high school, but I think this could work in a smaller class of younger students too. The second day of school, my students choose an adjective that begins with the first letter of their name..
Black History Games & Activities for ESL Students  by: Emily Potter
The history of black Americans is one that is sometimes painful and sometimes rich, but always an important part of the history of the United States. Students who are learning English as a second..
Perfect game to learn each other's names - Cross Circle - Short Lesson  by: yi
Everyone in a circle. One person (A) starts by calling another person's name (B). At that point, A starts walking towards B. Before A gets to B, B needs to call another name (C), so B frees her spot..
Christmas Math Activities for Elementary School Kids  by: Shelley Frost
The excitement and merriment of Christmas challenges the concentration of many elementary students. Instead of fighting the holiday, incorporate it into your curriculum to make the lessons more..
How to Create an ESL Writing Lesson Plan  by: Nadine Smith
ESL writing lessons typically focus on texts and styles of writing common to English-speaking countries, such as paragraphs, letters, reports, summaries and different kinds of essays. These are the..
Lesson 8 - An Excellent Hammer  by: jt
The Story An apprentice blacksmith was told by his master to make a hammer. The lad had not the slightest idea how to begin, so he thought he'd be crafty to nip out and buy one. He duly showed the..
Free online ESL games & quizzes  by: gh
English Vocabulary: Basic Elements (Chemistry) (Flash) Capitals of the World (Beginner) (Java) Write the Capital (Intermediate) (Java) Match Game (Beginner) (Java) Reading Speed..
Ideas to Teach English Vocabulary & Grammar  by: Lucy Natek
People build up their grammar and vocabulary skills through a wide range of combined methods: reading, watching television, listening to music or using the Internet. When learning a new language it's..
Teaching Ideas for ESL Students  by: Renee Williams
Although English language learners speak and repeat English in the classroom, they often don't use what they learn at home. Authentic lessons based on everyday activities will encourage the students..
Preschool Activities - Sensory Bottles  by: Rebekah Kogelschatz
Sensory bottles are fun and provide lots of opportunities for exploring visual and auditory senses. They used different materials in small plastic water bottles that children can shake, tip, roll,..
Hand-Piano Song Game - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Tim Day, B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
ESL game that also includes: Potato Song, Peas Pudding Song, Fish Song, Little Piggy Song, Teddy Bear Song, 1, 2 Buckle My Shoe Song, Crazy Song and Shadows (adjust to all ages) Have the children..
New hangman game (over 450 words), including 48 terms from the Lord of the Rings movies - ESL lesson  by: ESL Teachers Board
Please wait to be redirected
ESL Games for Middle School  by: River Lin
ESL games for middle school students provide a break from hard work while at the same time, engage the students in active practice of previously learned skills and content knowledge. You can adapt..
3 Great Preschool Cookie Day Activities  by: Paula Jones
December 4th is National Cookie Day. Kids love cookies and will be excited to try these preschool cookie day activities. Try baking and decorating cookies with your children. Read stories about..
German lesson with audio - ESL lesson  by: ESL Teachers Board
Please wait to be redirected to German lesson with audio
Children are Taught Through Visual Basics  by: tchr
or-ange then show a pic of an orange etc and they slowly build up a vocabulary
Writing Prompts Your Students Will Love - Lesson  by: Jennifer Dobson
Prompts are useful for many different kinds of writing exercises. You might choose to use a writing prompt as a daily warm-up activity. Writing prompts are also useful to have on hand for when..
Improving Vocabulary in Three Easy Steps  by: Celia Webb
There are close to one million words in the English language. That's a lot of words! Too many words for even dictionaries to list (most dictionaries confine themselves to several hundred thousand..
SURVIVAL - Short Lesson  by: re
This is a game to practise grammar structures. It is especially good to practise irregular verbs and tenses. Have all of the students practice the structure first. For example, if you want to review..
2 Great Preschool Polar Bear Activities  by: Paula Jones
In the United States, Polar Bears have become synonymous with Coca-Cola advertisements. We watch cute polar bears have parties and fun while drinking Coca-Cola soda in the Arctic. Preschool children..
classroom-type activities for sixth grade (11-12 year old) students  by: answers.yahoo.com
Not homework-type assignments, please. I do have a curriculum to follow, but I want to know how to make things more interesting. I've written variations on games of Taboo and Trivial Pursuit, and I..
ESL Color Games  by: Lane Cummings
Learning colors is a necessity for students of English in order to build their vocabulary and assist them in speaking and reading. Learning a broad range of colors can help students describe people,..
ESL Games - W  by: jt
What's Missing? Scatter 8-10 flashcards face up on the table. Give the students a minute to look at them, then have them close their eyes and take away one flashcard. Tell the students to open their..
How to Adapt Writing for the ESL Student  by: Paul Argodale
Aural/oral second language learning occurs more or less naturally, much as it does for infants learning their first language. Reading and writing is a different story; people spend 12 or 13 years in..
ESL game: Something's Different - Short Lesson  by: lee
Get the whole class together. Ask one of them to leave the room, then get the remaining students to change five things about the classroom. For example, you could put a chair on a table, or get two..
Spelling Tips for Kids  by: Simone Mary
Writing and spelling are closely linked. If you don't know how to spell, writing can be more difficult than it should be. Becoming a good speller is important to your development as a writer...
ESL Game - Fast/slow motion  by: kr
Title: Fast/slow motion Type: Game Target: Any vocabulary Materials: picture cards Procedure: Have a pile of picture cards and show them to the class one by one in either fast motion or slow motion...
Spring cleaning teaching tip - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt, MS
Okay! It's Spring! Time for cleaning! Along with painting the house, planting new flowers, and/or cleaning out the garage; get children involved in cleaning their rooms, closets, classrooms, or..
Games I could teach a high school class that would involve writing on the board  by: answers.yahoo.com
Try this:
Part 2 Dynamic English As a Foreign Language Learning Activities Your Learners Won't Refuse  by: Larry M. Lynch
More For Those Bored, Uninterested, Reluctant Foreign Language Learners As we said earlier, once again faced with the necessity of circumventing the problems of having bored, uninterested and..
Outdoor Lessons for Pre-K ESL Students  by: Fiona Miller
Taking children out of doors can help them focus and enjoy lessons, especially if the weather is nice. When teaching children English, especially in a country where it is not widely spoken, it is..
ESL Passive Exercises  by: Kara Page
Even for native English speakers, learning the difference between active and passive sentences is often confusing and frustrating. English as a Second Language (ESL) students can use a variety of..
Grammar Activity for ESL Class - ESL Teacher Andrew Lawton Lesson  by: Andrew Lawton
Grammar Practice Activity for an ESL Classroom When teaching English grammar your book will probably have several ESL worksheets to drill the concept. These are useful exercises, but you will also..
Who's missing: classroom game - Short Lesson  by: jt
Who's Missing is a game for children ages kindergarten through 6th grade, and is often played in the classroom. In this game, one student hides his or her eyes while other children trade seats and..
Four Ways to Encourage Students to Complete Homework  by: J.C. Sprenger
For most students, homework is considered to be an unwanted burden to be avoided at any cost. Other students will embrace the challenge of homework as well as the excitement of learning. While..
Simple and Effective Warmers When Teaching English - Part 1  by: Natasha Mason
Warmers are a key ingredient to any successful English class. During a TEFL certificate course, you should be introduced to a range of warmers that you participate in but it's easy to forget to do..
English Phonetics: Wadaya!  by: Marcelo Montecinos
There is nothing worse than having studied years of English and travelling to the United States and hearing many Americans say “Wadayado?” or “Wadayadoing?” or simply “Wadaya”? In New..