ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources

 

Return to home page

 

 

Back to ESL articles for teachers

 

 

Courtesy of

THE ENGLISH SPECIALIST
http://english.specialist.hu

english@specialist.hu

 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers

 

 

Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers


 

Commands

Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.

 

Singular

informal

Plural

informal

Singular

formal

Plural

formal

English

ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in

siess

siessetek

siessen

siessenek

hurry!

hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that

figyelj

figyeljetek

figyeljen

figyeljenek

listen

töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)

énekelj

énekeljetek

énekeljen

énekeljenek

sing!

 


Other words and phrases

 

lassan

slowly

gyorsan

quickly

csendben

quietly

 jó

good

nagyon jó

very good

jól

well

rossz

bad

udvarias

polite

udvariatlan

impolite

szia

hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night

viszlát

bye-bye

kérem

please

köszönöm

thank you

igen

yes

nem

no

itt

here

ott

there

most

now

holnap

tomorrow

még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?

 


Pronunciation

These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:

 

i

something like 'i' in 'hit'

u

something like 'u' in 'put'

ó

long, rounded 'o'

ö

something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded

é

similar to 'a' in 'day'

á

something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open

ü

like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French

s

like 'sh' in 'shop'

sz

like 's' in 'sea'

gy

like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it

cs

like 'ch' in 'chicken'

j

like 'y' in 'yes'

 

 

http://english.specialist.hu

 

 

Copyright 2004 The English Specialist

 

ESL GAME: The Bell Game  by: Sabia
You’ll need two bells. Make two teams. Show a flash card to the Students. The first Student to ring the bell and read the word correctly gets one point for her/his team.
FIND YOUR PARTNER - Short Lesson  by: re
Prepare a set of cards with different names, occupations, friends names, and likes and dislikes. For example, one card might say My name is Yumi. My friend is Chikako. I work at a university. I like..
ESL Game - Days Card Game  by: kr
Title: Days Card Game Type: Game Target: Days of the Week Materials: cards available form genkienglish.net Procedure: The days of the week in English have a special meaning. They each go with a..
Halloween Classroom Activities  by: Teresa Evans
If you are looking for Halloween classroom activities, you have wide choice of games and activities that you can use. You can incorporate Halloween activities into math lessons, writing lessons, art..
Motivating ESL Students  by: Renee Vians
Many of the factors that affect the rate of language acquisition are beyond the instructor’s control. However, motivating ESL students is possible when you implement well-planned lessons,..
Classroom Number Wall Games  by: James Mascia
Difficulty: Easy Trying to teach young students numbers and how to use them can be a challenge. A number wall caneasily solve that problem. It can be anything: a whiteboard, a chalkboard, or even..
Easter Activities for School  by: Teresa Evans
If you are looking for Easter activities for school, then you may want to try making Easter wreaths. Christmas isn't the only holiday that a decorative wreath can be displayed. Before Easter, the..
SIMON SAYS (SENSEI SAYS) - Short Lesson  by: re
Students must follow the teacher s instructions. If the teacher says Sensei says before an instruction, the students must do whatever the sensei says. If the teacher doesn t say Sensei says first,..
English Worksheets For ESL Students Vs. Native Speaking Students  by: Aaron Whirl
It goes without saying that English worksheets, and especially English grammar worksheets, are anything but one-size-fits-all. In fact, nothing could be farther from the truth. For example, lesson..
How to Teach English to Teenagers  by: Mary Johnson-Gerard, Ph.D.
Teenagers have a reputation for being difficult to motivate. Subject matter like English is not a priority on a teenager's to-do list. Engaging teenagers to learn the details of the English language..
Using Pictures to Teach Narrative Writing with Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry  by: Trina Allen
Subject: Sixth Grade Language Arts – Segregation and Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry Time allotted: 90 minutes Organization: large group Objective: Students will demonstrate the understanding of the..
How To Teach Irregular Verbs In An Interesting Way  by: Theo Grigore
Teaching is a process that involves a lot of work and creativity from the part of the teacher. The teacher needs to understand that students need to get involved as much as possible into the process..
A vocabulary game - Short Lesson  by: jt
Are you teaching a "definition" too? If so, write each word on a separate index card and each definition on a separate card. Pass them out, then the kids to could "walk around" and find their..
New hangman game (over 450 words), including 48 terms from the Lord of the Rings movies - ESL lesson  by: ESL Teachers Board
Please wait to be redirected
Teaching Communication with Authentic Materials (Part 5 of 5) - ESL lesson  by: Eva Homolova, ESL/EFL Teacher Trainer
Please wait to be redirected to http://www.eslteachersboard.com/s/AuthenticCommunication.htm
ONE UP ONE DOWN - Short Lesson  by: re
The teacher starts by stating, One up, one down . Only the teacher knows that that refers to the position of the teacher s arms: one is holding his/her chin, the other is crossed against his/her..
ESL Exercises for Frequently Used Adverbs  by: Andrea Helaine
An adverb is a word that modify verbs, adjectives or another adverb. Adverbs often answer the question of where, when and why something happened. When teaching ESL speakers about the use of adverbs,..
Match the Sentences  by: jt
Choose the equivalent or near-equivalent sentences. 1. He hates washing the dishes 2. He's not diplomatic. 3. He has no money. 4. He's a good driver. 5. He died from hunger. 6. He's the loser. 7. He..
How to Teach the Alphabet to ESL Adults  by: Maggie McCormick
The traditional way for children to learn the alphabet is through singing the "ABC song." Trying to do this with adults will cause you, and them, to feel a bit silly. While many foreign languages..
ESL Warm-Up Games  by: Rebecca Bagwell
When your students first arrive to their ESL (English as a second language) class, they may or may not be ready to learn English. Help your ESL students out by playing warm-up games at the start of..
Trivia Questions - For The Birds (2)  by: Deanna Mascle
1. Which is not a group term for birds? A. Flock B. Flight C. Volery D. Swarm D. Swarm TOPICS: Various insects can collectively be called a swarm but not birds! 2. Which of these is a fear of birds?..
15 Tips For Helping Children With Learning The Alphabet Letters  by: Deanna Mascle
I volunteer four hours a week in my son's first grade classroom. I help out in a variety of ways but primarily I am involved in literacy activities. It is an exciting time in a child's literacy life..
Hilarious Halloween Games: Fun And Frolics For All Hallows Eve  by: Nigel Patterson
If you're planning a Halloween party this year, a fun selection of Halloween games is a sure way to keep guests happy. And even if you just want something to keep the kids entertained after they've..
Gerunds Made Easy - A Simple Lesson With Clear Explanations and Plenty of Examples  by: Elizabeth O'brien
Gerunds are a hybrid of nouns and verbs. You remember that nouns and verbs are two of the eight parts of speech, right? Here is a silly way to think of it: If a noun and a verb got married, their..
How to Use Songs in the Classroom  by: Hannington Dia
Music has arguably impacted every person on the planet. Most people have their own favorite singers or composers who have profoundly influenced or touched them. According to a 2003 Gallup poll, 97..
ESL Game - Round the World  by: kr
Title: Round the World Type: Active Game Target: Any conversation Materials: picture cards Procedure: Divide the class into groups of about 5-6 Each group will have on leader. The leader keeps the..
Classroom Group Activities for Intro to Business  by: Brenda Priddy
An intro to business class is one of the first classes that students take covering business practices and basics. Students in this class are most likely college freshmen or sophomores, unfamiliar..
Fun Kids Games To Keep Your Preschooler Busy And Happy!  by: Yogi Shinde
When its dull and raining and kids are having a bored and lazy afternoon, fun kids games like these can be just what you need to lighten up the afternoon. 1. Lets begin with the kids favourite toy -..
Small Group Activities for Kindergarten  by: Rebecca Lindburg
Children learn through play. When designing a group program for young children, it is best to make it playful to help them learn and to keep them interested. Varying the activity can help children..
LISTENING LESSON PLAN  by: jt
Time: 15 min Level:Intermediate Gender: female/male Materials: Pictures,Worksheets Interaction:Ss/Ss-T/Ss Anticipated Problems: Time management OBJECTIVES By the end of the lesson, 1) Students will..
Hints on how to encourage children to read - Tips  by: Ruowen Leung
• Keep a small basket filled with joke books, magazines, short stories, books of questions and answers, and books like Ripley’s Believe It or Not in each bathroom of your house. • Put a map of..
How to Set Objectives for a Lesson Plan  by: Collaborator
Objectives are appealing because they aim to make daily learning as statistical as standardized test scores. Teachers know that sometimes learning doesn't work in a linear way and often balk at..
Lesson: Camping trip gear  by: teach
Ask you class: Which items they need for a camping trip, write all the items they tell you. Shelter Cooking Clothes Personal Miscellaneous First aid kit
Sketch and Hint Game (whole language) - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Day B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed
I start using this game with very young children, phonics level, but it works best with 10+ children. Kids learn a few nouns and short sentences with the appropriate body language. It may not be..
English ESL Activities  by: Evelyn King
English ESL activities are a wonderful way of introducing new topics, vocabulary and grammar to foreign learners of English, as well as consolidating knowledge. Activities such as games or role play..
Talk a Lot Lesson Test – Books  by: englishbanana.com
Talk a Lot Elementary Book 3 © English Banana.com A) Translate these words into English from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): a) LDåflKîäL= ___________________ d) LDqêfäK]L=..
Activities to Teach ESL Students Subject-Verb Agreements  by: Teresa Dashwood
Subject-verb agreement in English is one of the most confusing aspects for all language learners, including native English speakers. For English as a Second Language students, the subject-verb..
Tools for Teachers: Dolch Sight Word Resources for Young Learner Reading - ESL lesson  by: Jason D. Renshaw
Tools for Teachers - English Raven's Dolch Sight Word Resources http://www.englishraven.com Jason D. Renshaw THE DOLCH SIGHT WORDS - AN OVERVIEW The famous Dolch Sight Word lists are named after E.W...
Teaching Sight Words in Context - Moving Beyond Flashcards  by: Carolea Williams
Sight words (also known as high-frequency words) are words good readers must instantly recognize. These "workhorse" words make up about 50 to 75 percent of the words children encounter in early..
FIZZ BUZZ - Short Lesson  by: re
The first student in a row starts counting with one , the next student says two , the next three , etc. The number seven is unlucky, so no one is allowed to say it. Whenever seven should be said,..