ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources


Return to home page



Back to ESL articles for teachers



Courtesy of


 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers



Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers



Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.











ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in






hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that






töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)







Other words and phrases










nagyon jó

very good










hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night






thank you













még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?



These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:



something like 'i' in 'hit'


something like 'u' in 'put'


long, rounded 'o'


something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded


similar to 'a' in 'day'


something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open


like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French


like 'sh' in 'shop'


like 's' in 'sea'


like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it


like 'ch' in 'chicken'


like 'y' in 'yes'



Copyright 2004 The English Specialist


Motivating ESL Students  by: Renee Vians
Many of the factors that affect the rate of language acquisition are beyond the instructor’s control. However, motivating ESL students is possible when you implement well-planned lessons,..
ESL Intermediate Exercises  by: Lane Cummings
Exercises are crucial for intermediate ESL students. These exercises need to reinforce the lessons that they've already learned so that the information becomes second nature to students. There are..
Re: Excellent movie for English students  by: Adam - teacher abroad
Pay It Forward. Great cast and message. Intl students relate very quick to this film. The movie portray western characters as anybody else instead of the usual well-off, smart people crowd-pleaser..
Brain-Based Learning and Feelings: A lesson plan - ESL lesson  by: Nellie Deutsch
Please wait to be redirected to
Can you think of any fun hands-on art activities for Kindergarten?  by:
Nothing crafty please. Preferably something that will allow students to use their individual creativity. Note: I am not asking people to do my job for me lol. I have a lesson plan for tomorrow, but I..
ESL Game 4 Wheel of Fortune  by: Joe Tosczak
This ESL Game is called WHEEL OF FORTUNE. First divide your ESL class into two teams. One team can be the RED team and the other team can be the BLUE team. The teacher will think of a sentence or..
Short Stories for Teachers  by: Steve
More here
Winter Math Activities for Grade Six  by: Rebecca Dale
Educators concerned about student engagement often look for fun activities and themed lessons. Winter-themed math lessons help students master required concepts and celebrate the season. Sixth-grade..
Reading Activity For Kindergarten  by: Mary Joyce
As a homeschooler one of the most important tasks for you to accomplish in your child at an early age is getting them interested in and developing good reading habits. At an early age learning to..
Native American Culture Activities - ESL Teacher Freda Glatt Lesson  by: Freda J. Glatt
As many children learn about Native American culture during November, here are some activities and information about our first citizens. Do you like barbecues? How about clambakes? Well, the next..
ESL Game - Clothes Relay  by: kr
Title: Clothes Relay Type: Active Game Target: Clothes vocabulary Materials: Old clothes Procedure: Students line up across from a pile of clothes in teams. The first student runs to the pile of..
The Meatrix (internet movie) - Lesson  by: Captain Jay Bird
How to run this lesson: The Meatrix Level: Pre-Intermediate/ Intermediate Time: 30 ( depending on discussion) Materials Needed:A fast internet connections on student machines An interactive..
Hurricane Quiz  by: jt
Hurricane season ___ June 1 and ___ November 30. a. stops, moves b. begins, ends c. badly, worst d. circles, runs Answerb A hurricane is a tropical storm with winds that ___ a constant speed of 74..
Beginning Level ESL Lessons  by: Catherine Copeland
Beginning level English as a Second Language (ESL) activities often center around the basics of the English language, including introductions and common courtesy questions. Beginning level ESL..
How to Teach Business Etiquette in ESL  by: Rebecca Bagwell
With global businesses continually changing, more people are working on improving their English skills in order to be more effective. Learning business etiquette along with business English helps..
School Christmas Holiday Activities  by: Athena Hessong
Keep your students occupied during the anticipation of the Christmas holidays. The busier the students are, the less likely they will be to become distracted by the upcoming break. Use the holidays..
Blank Lesson Plan Templates - How to Make Your Own - Tips  by: Renee Goodrich
Blank lesson plan templates help you quickly and easily create a lesson. You can take an idea for a lesson and transform it into a well planned activity when you place it in a template. The template..
ESL Games - D  by: jt
Dance Of The Ostriches Pair up students and attach a flashcard to their backs. The object of the game is to look at the other student's flash card and yell out the word before they see yours. Draw It..
Borrowing and Loaning/Lending Lesson - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Tim Day B.Sc., M.Sc., B.Ed.
EFL QUIZ: BORROWING and LOANING/LENDING (advanced children or young adults) to borrow = to take or get or receive (billi-da in Korean) Note the direction of movement!! to loan = to give (ju-say-yo..
ESL GAME: Tornado Game  by: Sabia
Supplies: Flashcards (pictures or questions on one side, numbers on the other) 'Tornado Cards' (flashcards with numbers on one side and a tornado picture on the other) Stick the numbered cards on the..
Misunderstandings Due To Accents - Tips  by: Lynn Bo
America is a melting pot. That is what they say. New York City is certainly proof of that especially Queens NY. We have Greeks, Peruvians, Italians, Korean, Spanish and Indians. We in fact have..
For ESL Learners - Five Tips to Help You Remember New English Vocabulary Words  by: Joan Pougiales
Learning new vocabulary is easy. Remembering new vocabulary is much more difficult. This is what my students tell me all the time. Experts who study memory say that we need to hear or see or use a..
How to Teach TESOL  by: Leyla Norman
Teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL) can be done in a number of different environments. You might teach children or adults, at home or abroad. Consider which population you want to..
NUMBERS CHAIN - Short Lesson  by: re
Assign every student a number. One student starts by saying her number and then says another number. For example, Three Twenty-seven . The Twenty-seven refers to one of the other students in the..
German lesson with audio - ESL lesson  by: ESL Teachers Board
Please wait to be redirected to German lesson with audio
Reported Speech - quiz  by: jt
Mary "I love chocolate." Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ chocolate." a. loved b. loves c. loving Answer-a Mary: "I went skiing." Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ skiing." a. went b. had gone c. have..
ESL English Listening Comprehension Activity For the Classroom - ESL Teacher Andrew Lawton Lesson  by: Andrew Lawton
An ESL teacher always needs to get his students speaking and listening to English. As we all know, our students many times don't hear English outside of class. Many immigrants work and live with..
How to Teach Sound-by-Sound Spelling Blending  by: Mark Pennington
Learning how to do sound-by-sound spelling blending takes a bit of practice. Position your students such that your body does not obstruct their views of the board. Use black or blue markers for the..
Columbus Day Exercises for ESL Students  by: Mallory Ferland
Columbus day, observed on the second Monday in October, is a celebration in the United States that commemorates the discovery of the New World by European explorers. Most countries in North, South..
ESL Games - I  by: jt
I Spy The teacher says "I spy with my little eye something beginning with G". Students try to guess the object (E.g. garbage can). Use classroom objects and with younger students use colors rather..
Ten Classic Kids Party Games With a Twist - Activities  by: Patricia Jensen
The most exciting part of a kids party is the party games, and why not start with the classics? We've all played musical chairs, pin-the-tail, and limbo. But have you played them like this? Learn how..
Setting Up Activities in a Young Learners' Class - ESL lesson  by: Alex Case, ESL Teacher and Freelance Writer
An ESL lesson. The difference between an activity that works and one that doesn’t often boils down to two things- how much the teacher believes in the activity and how well he or she sets it up...
Lesson 2 - Anniversary-birthday Card  by: jt
The Story "Do you have any anniversary-birthday cards?" a man asked the stationer. "We have anniversary cards and we have birthday cards, but we don't carry one that combines both. Why?" "Simple ,"..
Lesson Plans for "The Gift of the Magi"  by: Pamela Rivers
"The Gift of the Magi" is a short story written by O. Henry in 1906. The story revolves around a married couple who wish to buy each other presents for Christmas but have little money. So each can..
Beginner ESL Games  by: Rebecca Bagwell
For beginner students in ESL classes, lessons can quickly get overwhelming. Learning any new language is a challenge, and English is particularly hard for many people. In your ESL classroom, offer..
How to Use a Story to Improve a Student's Vocabulary Level in an ESL  by: Rebecca Mayglothling
ESL, or English as a Second Language, students learn English through many different methods, such as reading, listening, speaking and repeating. The best method of learning is different for each..
The Story From the Chicken Coop  by: Ted Borgeas
Many years ago my grandfather, had a small farm and chickens. One morning he sent me out to the chicken coop to collect fresh eggs. He became concerned when I didn’t return after a shot interval...
ESL Games - A  by: jt
Alphabet Shout Out Randomly choose an alphabet flashcard and award a point to the first student who shouts out a word beginning with that letter. Alphabet Writing Relay Divide and line up the..
TEFL Homework - The Diary - Tips  by: Andrew Carter
A student learning English as a Second Language by total immersion (living with English speakers, only speaking English for two to four weeks, for example) is at a distinct advantage when it come to..
SPEED READING - Short Lesson  by: re
Students open their books to the reading and lay the books face down on their desks. The teacher asks a question 2 times. When everyone understands, the teacher says Go! and the students look at the..