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Courtesy of

THE ENGLISH SPECIALIST
http://english.specialist.hu

english@specialist.hu

 Following Robin Day's prototype Survival Korean for ESL Teachers

 

 

Survival Hungarian for ESL Teachers


 

Commands

Singular and plural informal forms can be used with children.
Formal forms can be used with adults, but only with phrases like 'please' or 'will you?'

Otherwise they are very impolite.

 

Singular

informal

Plural

informal

Singular

formal

Plural

formal

English

ülj le

üljetek le

üljön le

üljenek le

sit down

állj fel

álljatok fel

álljon fel

álljanak fel

stand up

gyere ide

gyertek ide

jöjjön ide

jöjjenek ide

come here

menj oda

menjetek oda

menjen oda

menjenek oda

go there

menj ki

menjetek ki

menjen ki

menjenek ki

go out

gyere be

gyertek be

jöjjön be

jöjjenek be

come in

siess

siessetek

siessen

siessenek

hurry!

hagyd abba

hagyjátok abba

hagyja abba

hagyják abba

stop doing that

figyelj

figyeljetek

figyeljen

figyeljenek

listen

töröld le

töröljétek le

törölje le

töröljék le

clean it (wipe it)

énekelj

énekeljetek

énekeljen

énekeljenek

sing!

 


Other words and phrases

 

lassan

slowly

gyorsan

quickly

csendben

quietly

 jó

good

nagyon jó

very good

jól

well

rossz

bad

udvarias

polite

udvariatlan

impolite

szia

hi; bye-bye (singular informal)

jó reggelt

good morning

jó napot

good morning, good afternoon

jó éjszakát

good night

viszlát

bye-bye

kérem

please

köszönöm

thank you

igen

yes

nem

no

itt

here

ott

there

most

now

holnap

tomorrow

még egyszer

once more

Mi ez?

What's this?

Mit csinálsz?

What are you doing? (singular informal)

Kérek egy.fagylaltot

Can I have an ice-cream?

 


Pronunciation

These are only some basic ideas how to pronounce various Hungarian sounds in the above examples:

 

i

something like 'i' in 'hit'

u

something like 'u' in 'put'

ó

long, rounded 'o'

ö

something like 'i' in 'bird', but short and rounded

é

similar to 'a' in 'day'

á

something like 'a' in 'hard', but much more open

ü

like 'ü' in the German word 'fünf', or 'u' in 'rue' in French

s

like 'sh' in 'shop'

sz

like 's' in 'sea'

gy

like a soft 'd' if you make an affricate of it

cs

like 'ch' in 'chicken'

j

like 'y' in 'yes'

 

 

http://english.specialist.hu

 

 

Copyright 2004 The English Specialist

 

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