ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources

 

Return to home page

 

 

Back to Lessons & games for ESL teachers

 

 

Courtesy of

EVA HOMOLOVA

ESL/EFL Teacher Trainer

homolova@fhv.umb.sk

 

Teaching Reading with Authentic Materials (Part 2 of 5)

ESL lesson using job advertisements (14-18 years)

 

Go to Introduction

 

 

In real life, job advertisements are written to be read. In the classroom we can use them for developing reading strategies such as:

- Skimming – a rapid glancing through the text to determine general content or a gist

- Scanning – a rapid glancing through the text to find a specific information (a deadline for the application, age, languages required etc.)

- This section includes activities whose primary aim is to concentrate on developing reading comprehension.

 

Identify parts of the text:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, comparing and matching parts of a text

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

5 minutes

 

 

 Materials

sets of advertisements cut into pieces   

 

Procedure: Pair work. Teacher elicits from learners what information should every job advertisement provide e.g. position, address, deadline, description of the job etc. It can be done in mother tongue.

 

Then s/he writes or dictates the parts of the advertisement:

- The company – its name and a short description

- The job – an indication of the job and main duties

- The person – the qualification, skulls and experience

- Rewards – the salary, holidays, company car, mobile phone, bonus etc.

- Methods of application – instruction how one should apply

 

Learners work in pair and try to identify parts of the text and put them in the correct order.

 

 

Identify parts and order them:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, comparing and matching parts of a text

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

5 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of a mixed up advertisement

 

Procedure: Teacher writes components of the advertisement on the blackboard:

 

The Company

A   B   C   D   E

The Job

A   B   C   D   E

The Person

A   B   C   D   E

Rewards

A   B   C   D   E

Methods of Application

A   B   C   D   E

 

Learners are given a handout with a mixed up text, each part labeled A,B,C,D or E. In the chart, they circle the letter corresponding to the given component.

 

 

Divide the text and make up an advert:

 

 Language and skills

reading and controlled writing

 

 

 Level

post beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

10 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

transparency or copies of the text  

 

 

 Preparation

none

 

Procedure: The teacher prepares the undivided text either on a transparency or hands out photocopies. Learners have to copy the text and organize it in the format of a job advertisement. They can design a company logo.

 

 

Identify a missing part and write it:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, guided writing

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

12 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of a mixed up advertisement with one component missing

 

 

 Preparation

list of positive adjectives and skills describing a person

 

Procedure:  Pair work. Learners get a copy of a mixed up advert and have to organize it according the structure (a company, job, person, reward, methods of application). One part of the text is missing e.g. the person.

 

Learners must list qualities and skills required and write the missing part. They can use the list prepared beforehand by the teacher or during a brainstorming stage of the lesson. It is advisable to choose a job that is as close to learners study program as possible (secretary, driver, manager, nurse).

 

Then the teacher can show the original part of the text and learners compare it with their own writing.

 

 

More adverts – more information:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate

 

 

 Time

5 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a handout with 6 adverts, a transparency with questions

 

 

 Preparation

list of questions focusing on details in adverts

 

Procedure: Individual work. Learners get a copy of six adverts on one handout. Each advert has its number. Learners read questions on the transparency and match the question to adverts that provides required information.

 

Examples of questions:

- Which secretarial job wants you to speak three languages?

- Which secretarial job wants you to be under 35?

- Which secretarial job wants you to have three and more years of experience?

- Which secretarial job considers a university degree?

- Which secretarial job wants you to send CV in English?

- Which job requires a supporting letter English?

 

This activity can be organized as a competition.

 

 

Addresses and numbers in adverts:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, spelling and dictating controlled speaking

 Level

beginners/intermediate

 

 

 Time

7 minutes

 

 

 Materials

a handout with 6 adverts, (the same copy as above)

 

 

 Preparation

list of addresses and numbers which are similar but NOT the same as on the handout list of questions related to the text of adverts

 

Procedure: Individual work leading to group work. Learners read the adverts and focus on addresses of companies, fax and telephone numbers. They compare it to the ones given and identify mistakes in them.

 

 

Find the information as quickly as possible:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, answering questions

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate

 

 

 Time

5 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of one advert

 

 

 Preparation

list of questions related to the advert

 

Procedure Individual work. Teacher reads the questions and learners have to find the answers as quickly as possible. The questions should not follow the structure of the advert. Examples of questions:

- How old should the candidate be?

- Does s/he have to send CV?

- Will s/he work in this country or abroad?

- Where?

- Is it possible to communicate with the company by e-mail?

- Public check.

 

  

That’s nearly me:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, justifying opinions

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate

 

 

 Time

10 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

copies of several adverts (preferably corresponding to study learners´ program)

 

 

 Preparation

none

 

Procedure: Individual work leading to class work. Learners read several texts focusing on personal qualities and requirements. They try to mach them to their personalities and justify, why they think requirements match their personal qualities. They form statements beginning like:

- I’ve chosen this adverts because…

- In the future I’d like to…

- My father is a … and I want to … etc.

 

 

Reconstruct a job advert:

 

 Language and skills

reading and writing

 

 

 Level

intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

20 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of a divided advert for each pair

 

 

 Preparation

teacher prepares a copy of an advert “torn” into two halves

 

Procedure: Individual work leading to pair work. Every learner gets one half of an advert. The task is to reconstruct it (complete sentences and words) and check their version with a partner. Example:

 

STUDENT A

 

STUDENT B

 

Danish pharmaceutical

is looking

 

2 pharma

represen

 

for the

Bratislava and

Northern

 

Candidates must have

similar University degree, be

Skilled in PC

 

If you are interested in

send your CV in English

 

LUNDBECK

POBOX 140

820 05 Bratislava

 

company LUNDBECK

to employ

 

ceuticals

tatives

 

regions

Western Slovakia

Slovakia

 

pharmaceutical, medical or

fluent in English

holding driving license

 

mentioned positions please

to the following address:

 

 

 

 

Note: The outcome does not have to be the original text but it has to have a meaning.

 

 

 

Click here to return to Introduction or go to the 4 other lessons:

 

1. Warm Up

3. Teaching Vocabulary and Grammar

4. Teaching Writing

5. Teaching Communication

 

 

Copyright 2004 Eva Homolova

 

 

 

 

If you are looking for fast success in 640-554 then join today to find complete 70-412 resources and pass SK0-003 certifications on first try. A person can pick 70-647 & 642-583 for his easiness.  

 

How to Teach ESL: Art Appreciation: Intermediate Speaking  by: Clayton Kim
When learning English, grammar and phonics are not the only things that are important. A well-rounded English curriculum is needed to fully understand the language. Learning about only one subject..
Bigger Bigger Smaller Smaller Game - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: Robin Tim Day, B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
An ESL game (10+ years, builds vocabulary). Also included: Taste Game, Materials Game, Hotter Colder Game With students in a circle around a big table or sitting on the floor, point to something..
How to Set Up an ESL Classroom  by: Kathryn Walsh
Setting up a classroom is stressful enough. Setting up a classroom for ESL, or English as a Second Language students, is even more challenging. Each student could be from a different country and..
ESL Games - J  by: jt
Jeopardy Make a jeopardy grid on the white board as follows: Jeopardy Fruit Sports Animals Body 10 _______ _______ _______ _______ 20 _______ _______ _______ _______ 30 _______ _______ _______..
Halloween Classroom Activities  by: Teresa Evans
If you are looking for Halloween classroom activities, you have wide choice of games and activities that you can use. You can incorporate Halloween activities into math lessons, writing lessons, art..
Talka Lot - Lesson Test: Learning English  by: lp
A)Sentence stress: write the content words from two starting sentences in the correct order (1, 2, 3, etc.): i) three start next unit week ii) exam move up Ali five speaking passes level B)Write the..
NUMBERS CHAIN - Short Lesson  by: re
Assign every student a number. One student starts by saying her number and then says another number. For example, Three Twenty-seven . The Twenty-seven refers to one of the other students in the..
My Game Plan  by: Hedda Tan
I have been teaching teenagers for almost 5 years now, and I find this group of students both challenging and rewarding to work with. The kids are challenging because they are at the beginning of..
How to Create Effective Lesson Plans for Adults  by: Gale Macaulay-Newcombe
Teaching adults is quite different from teaching children. Adults have busy lives with many responsibilities and demands on their time, and they have chosen to allocate some of their limited,..
Writing Activities for Teaching English in Middle School  by: Kayla Lowe
Writing skills are among the most important English lessons taught to middle school students. These skills are those that they will use throughout high school, college and their careers. Expository,..
ESL Games - V  by: jt
Vocab with Rock, Scissors, Paper Lay the flashcards in a straight line on the floor. Assign two teams and have them line up at each end of the flashcard line. When you say 'Go' the first member from..
Find Someone Who - Short Lesson  by: jp
Create a list of characteristics such as "likes chocolate," "has two children," or "can swim." There should be 10-15 items, and you can relate them to your lesson if you wish. Then let the learners..
Kids' Art - Making Halloween Spider Webs  by: Anthony Vecchioni
Here's a Halloween art project to do with your toddler or preschooler. It's very easy and it looks great around the house. Here's what you need: -8.5" x 11" black construction paper -white tempera or..
Teachers - Steps to Maintain Classroom Management - Dealing With Misbehavior  by: Meggin McIntosh
Behavior...misbehavior. Control...chaos. Learning...messing around. Teaching...babysitting. The truth is that, as a teacher, if you are unable to create and maintain a positive learning atmosphere,..
Columbus Day Exercises for ESL Students  by: Mallory Ferland
Columbus day, observed on the second Monday in October, is a celebration in the United States that commemorates the discovery of the New World by European explorers. Most countries in North, South..
Differentiated Instruction Strategies for ESL  by: Susan Deschel
Differentiated strategies for English as a second language (ESL) students can involve a rearranging of existing curriculum, as well as some creation of new ideas to supplement with strategies that..
BLINDFOLD - Short Lesson  by: re
One of the children is blindfolded and counts to ten. While she is counting, the other children can move around the room. The blindfolded child can also move. (If the room is large or the game is..
ESL GAMES: Finger Clocks, I Spy and Lotto Draw  by: Sabia
Finger Clocks: Use your index fingers to perform a clock. Your left index finger points up while your left index finger acts as the hour hand (put it’s top on the lower part of your left index..
ESL Game - Telephone Game  by: kr
Title: Telephone Game Type: Concentration game Target: Any vocabulary, pronunciation Materials: None Procedure: A vocabulary word is chosen and whispered by the teacher to the first student. They..
Teach Your Child to Read (Reading)  by: Mary Bogin
Would you like to teach your child to read? You are very proud when your child begins to pick up books. You didn't get books at the baby shower, or did you? I have the methods to teach you how to..
Prepositions VII - Quiz  by: jt
___ Thanksgiving, we usually eat cranberry sauce with our roasted turkey. On, In Answer-On They were reassured ___ the outcome ___ the elections. about, in by, of Answer-by, of We always take a trip..
Free Arts & Crafts Christmas Ideas for Children  by: Kristen May
One of the ways to involve children in Christmas preparations and keep them busy during the holiday break is to make Christmas crafts. Free Christmas crafts require only a few miscellaneous supplies..
Trivia Game Questions and Answers  by: Deanna Mascle
Question: Infants have more or less number of bones than adults? Answer: More Trivia Teaser: A baby's body has about 300 bones at birth. These eventually fuse, or grow together, to form the 206 bones..
A Teacher's Ramblings: A Lesson Plan for Classroom Rules  by: Jo Karabasz
Remember, I teach English. If you are required to cite standards for every lesson, you may have to do some adapting for standards in other subject areas. Rules Lesson Plan Subject Area: Language Arts..
Easy Keyboard Christmas Music for Kids  by: Collaborator
Easy keyboard music is intended for kids to enjoy and to learn how to play. There are several strategies to make easy keyboard music friendly for kids for Christmas time. Other holiday music is..
Cooperative Learning Activities - 3 Things to Remember When Using Cooperative Group Learning  by: Adam Waxler
Most students learn better with one-to-one interactions or in small groups where they can follow the conversation better and indicate when they don't understand. This is one of the big advantages of..
ESL GAME: Sound Game  by: Sabia
Make alphabet flashcards or short words with sounds under study and spread them on the floor. Print the necessary sounds in italics or use another color for them. For each sound under study, provide..
Classroom Math Game - Short Lesson  by: Teacher
Students go in teams of 4. The teacher draws a table on the board - one row for each team and three columns. (Eg. If there were 5 groups, there would be 5 rows of 3 boxes). The object of the game is..
| English Teaching Materials - The Right Materials Will Guarantee ESL Classroom Success!  by: Karlee Demierre
Teaching English as a second language can seem daunting, but it's not really if you follow the simple logic of: what would a kid like most. Chose your English teaching materials keeping this in mind..
Learning English lessons  by: Steve
More here
Tag Questions - With Assorted Verbs - quiz  by: jt
Match the tag questions on the right with the sentence on the left. Write your choices in the boxes on the left. Click on the answer button to see if your answers are correct or let JavaScript check..
Fun Games for Children Training in Martial Arts  by: Eric Gehler
Keeping children interested in their Martial Arts training requires an element of fun and games. Traditionalists are usually only concerned with the discipline and structure of their training, but..
Strategies for Teaching ESL Vocabulary  by: Laura Werner
Building vocabulary is one of the most basic forms of learning any language, not just English. Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) requires patience, energy, strategy and creativity. There..
Make Vocabulary Games a Part of Your Free English Class  by: Ling L. Tong
Many adults that start learning English do not realize the value of games as part of their learning in a free English class. Young native English speakers regularly play games in school to enhance..
Ideas to Teach English Vocabulary & Grammar  by: Lucy Natek
People build up their grammar and vocabulary skills through a wide range of combined methods: reading, watching television, listening to music or using the Internet. When learning a new language it's..
ESL PowerPoint Games  by: Riccardo Giovanniello
Playing classroom games is a fun and engaging way to practice the fundamentals of the English language. The PowerPoint software from Microsoft provides a tool to help keep students interested in the..
ROW RELAY - Short Lesson  by: re
Each row is given a sheet of paper. Teacher calls out a category and each student in the row must write one word that corresponds to the category (e.g. day of the week, animals, name in romaji). Can..
Christmas Word Games  by: Teresa Evans
Christmas word games are a great way to entertain kids in the lead up to Christmas. Not only are they great fun for the kids but they are also games that are educational too. There are many different..
The Last Spin: A WebQuest on Teenage Gangs - ESL lesson  by: Nellie Deutsch
Using a WebQuest for ESL/EFL literature lesson based on The Last Spin by By Ed McBain / Evan Hunter A Lesson Plan: Using A WebQuest for an ESL/EFL literature lesson based on The Last Spin By Ed..
HOW MANY THINGS - Short Lesson  by: re
Students have to write down as many things as they can that fit the description you give. For example, How many things can you think of that are bigger than you? Other categories: are round, are long..