ESL Teachers Board: ESL jobs, ESL resumes and free ESL resources

 

Return to home page

 

 

Back to Lessons & games for ESL teachers

 

 

Courtesy of

EVA HOMOLOVA

ESL/EFL Teacher Trainer

homolova@fhv.umb.sk

 

Teaching Reading with Authentic Materials (Part 2 of 5)

ESL lesson using job advertisements (14-18 years)

 

Go to Introduction

 

 

In real life, job advertisements are written to be read. In the classroom we can use them for developing reading strategies such as:

- Skimming – a rapid glancing through the text to determine general content or a gist

- Scanning – a rapid glancing through the text to find a specific information (a deadline for the application, age, languages required etc.)

- This section includes activities whose primary aim is to concentrate on developing reading comprehension.

 

Identify parts of the text:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, comparing and matching parts of a text

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

5 minutes

 

 

 Materials

sets of advertisements cut into pieces   

 

Procedure: Pair work. Teacher elicits from learners what information should every job advertisement provide e.g. position, address, deadline, description of the job etc. It can be done in mother tongue.

 

Then s/he writes or dictates the parts of the advertisement:

- The company – its name and a short description

- The job – an indication of the job and main duties

- The person – the qualification, skulls and experience

- Rewards – the salary, holidays, company car, mobile phone, bonus etc.

- Methods of application – instruction how one should apply

 

Learners work in pair and try to identify parts of the text and put them in the correct order.

 

 

Identify parts and order them:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, comparing and matching parts of a text

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

5 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of a mixed up advertisement

 

Procedure: Teacher writes components of the advertisement on the blackboard:

 

The Company

A   B   C   D   E

The Job

A   B   C   D   E

The Person

A   B   C   D   E

Rewards

A   B   C   D   E

Methods of Application

A   B   C   D   E

 

Learners are given a handout with a mixed up text, each part labeled A,B,C,D or E. In the chart, they circle the letter corresponding to the given component.

 

 

Divide the text and make up an advert:

 

 Language and skills

reading and controlled writing

 

 

 Level

post beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

10 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

transparency or copies of the text  

 

 

 Preparation

none

 

Procedure: The teacher prepares the undivided text either on a transparency or hands out photocopies. Learners have to copy the text and organize it in the format of a job advertisement. They can design a company logo.

 

 

Identify a missing part and write it:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, guided writing

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

12 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of a mixed up advertisement with one component missing

 

 

 Preparation

list of positive adjectives and skills describing a person

 

Procedure:  Pair work. Learners get a copy of a mixed up advert and have to organize it according the structure (a company, job, person, reward, methods of application). One part of the text is missing e.g. the person.

 

Learners must list qualities and skills required and write the missing part. They can use the list prepared beforehand by the teacher or during a brainstorming stage of the lesson. It is advisable to choose a job that is as close to learners study program as possible (secretary, driver, manager, nurse).

 

Then the teacher can show the original part of the text and learners compare it with their own writing.

 

 

More adverts – more information:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate

 

 

 Time

5 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a handout with 6 adverts, a transparency with questions

 

 

 Preparation

list of questions focusing on details in adverts

 

Procedure: Individual work. Learners get a copy of six adverts on one handout. Each advert has its number. Learners read questions on the transparency and match the question to adverts that provides required information.

 

Examples of questions:

- Which secretarial job wants you to speak three languages?

- Which secretarial job wants you to be under 35?

- Which secretarial job wants you to have three and more years of experience?

- Which secretarial job considers a university degree?

- Which secretarial job wants you to send CV in English?

- Which job requires a supporting letter English?

 

This activity can be organized as a competition.

 

 

Addresses and numbers in adverts:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, spelling and dictating controlled speaking

 Level

beginners/intermediate

 

 

 Time

7 minutes

 

 

 Materials

a handout with 6 adverts, (the same copy as above)

 

 

 Preparation

list of addresses and numbers which are similar but NOT the same as on the handout list of questions related to the text of adverts

 

Procedure: Individual work leading to group work. Learners read the adverts and focus on addresses of companies, fax and telephone numbers. They compare it to the ones given and identify mistakes in them.

 

 

Find the information as quickly as possible:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, answering questions

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate

 

 

 Time

5 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of one advert

 

 

 Preparation

list of questions related to the advert

 

Procedure Individual work. Teacher reads the questions and learners have to find the answers as quickly as possible. The questions should not follow the structure of the advert. Examples of questions:

- How old should the candidate be?

- Does s/he have to send CV?

- Will s/he work in this country or abroad?

- Where?

- Is it possible to communicate with the company by e-mail?

- Public check.

 

  

That’s nearly me:

 

 Language and skills

skimming and scanning strategies, justifying opinions

 

 

 Level

beginners / intermediate

 

 

 Time

10 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

copies of several adverts (preferably corresponding to study learners´ program)

 

 

 Preparation

none

 

Procedure: Individual work leading to class work. Learners read several texts focusing on personal qualities and requirements. They try to mach them to their personalities and justify, why they think requirements match their personal qualities. They form statements beginning like:

- I’ve chosen this adverts because…

- In the future I’d like to…

- My father is a … and I want to … etc.

 

 

Reconstruct a job advert:

 

 Language and skills

reading and writing

 

 

 Level

intermediate / advanced

 

 

 Time

20 minutes 

 

 

 Materials

a copy of a divided advert for each pair

 

 

 Preparation

teacher prepares a copy of an advert “torn” into two halves

 

Procedure: Individual work leading to pair work. Every learner gets one half of an advert. The task is to reconstruct it (complete sentences and words) and check their version with a partner. Example:

 

STUDENT A

 

STUDENT B

 

Danish pharmaceutical

is looking

 

2 pharma

represen

 

for the

Bratislava and

Northern

 

Candidates must have

similar University degree, be

Skilled in PC

 

If you are interested in

send your CV in English

 

LUNDBECK

POBOX 140

820 05 Bratislava

 

company LUNDBECK

to employ

 

ceuticals

tatives

 

regions

Western Slovakia

Slovakia

 

pharmaceutical, medical or

fluent in English

holding driving license

 

mentioned positions please

to the following address:

 

 

 

 

Note: The outcome does not have to be the original text but it has to have a meaning.

 

 

 

Click here to return to Introduction or go to the 4 other lessons:

 

1. Warm Up

3. Teaching Vocabulary and Grammar

4. Teaching Writing

5. Teaching Communication

 

 

Copyright 2004 Eva Homolova

 

 

 

 

 

ESL Basic Lessons  by: John London
Learning English as a second language is an exciting challenge. Before you begin, consider why you want to learn the English language: Do you need it for work, travel or because you've just moved..
Game: Paper, Rock, Scissors - Short Lesson  by: sam
The game of Paper, Rock, Scissors is both a means of entertainment and a way to make quick, easy decisions when confronted with two different options or opinions. This game is almost exclusively..
Tag Questions - Has he? Hasn't he? Had he? - quiz  by: jt
He hasn't done it yet, ___? a. has he b. hasn't he c. had he Answer-a He's been to Italy twice, ___? a. has he b. hasn't he c. had he Answer-b He's got a camera, ___? a. has he b. hasn't he c. had he..
Tag Questions - Does she? Doesn't she? Did she? - quiz  by: jt
Tag Questions - Does she? Doesn't she? Did she? She works in a bank, ___? a. does she b. doesn't she c. did she Answer-b She didn't eat anything, ___? a. does she b. doesn't she c. did she Answer-c..
ESL Games  by: Claudine Williams
ESL Games Difficulty: Easy ESLgamesare games for students who are learning English as a second language. These games areconsidered edutainment because they entertain and educate students. The level..
Games that kids can play in the classroom to help them remmember their class mates names - Short Lesson  by: jt
The second day of school, my students choose an adjective that begins with the first letter of their name (ex: Crazy Chris). They go around the room saying each person in front of them-the first..
ROLL THE BLOCKS - Short Lesson  by: re
Stick selected common nouns on the six sides of one block. On another block, stick verbs or pronouns, or articles. Each group has a set of these two blocks. Within a set time limit, they take turns..
NUMBERS 2 - Short Lesson  by: re
Have the students make a circle, sitting down, and hand out cards with the numbers you want to teach the children. Every child need not necessarily have a number. Sit in the circle and call number 1,..
Good games to play in class  by: answers.yahoo.com
thankyou for all your answers!
CHARADES - Short Lesson  by: re
It s usually best to introduce this game after playing Pictionary a few times. This game works well for verbs. Students pick out a verb card then they act out the verb. The other students try to..
Just Horsing Around (Questions)  by: Deanna Mascle
1. What is the fear of horses called? A. Hippophobia B. Riddiophobia C. Sadlophobia D. Equiphobia A. Hippophobia TBD: Hey, you know we dosn't make this stuff up, right?!? 2. Which is NOT a form of..
Games: Blind man's bluff - Short Lesson  by: Teacher
Blind man's bluff or blind man's buff is a children's game played in a spacious area, such as outdoors or in a large room, in which one player, designated as "It", is blindfolded and gropes around..
Effective Lesson Plan Making Strategies  by: Sweety Kaur
Planning is an integral part of any activity that you do as it is the only thing that can ensure the smooth completion of your activity. An effective plan can let you work in a proper way and also..
Guide to Lesson Planning and a Sample Lesson Plan  by: Christopher S Lee
If you are in need of a sample lesson plan, the first thing to look at is to understand what makes a good lesson. To understand, here is a basic format for a lesson. Lesson Sample Teacher: School:..
ESL Lesson Plans About Taking & Giving Directions  by: John Byk
Taking and giving directions in a foreign language is a basic but necessary skill to master, especially for students planning to spend time in a country or environment where the target language is..
TUMMY RUB, HEAD PAT - Game  by: re
Try to pat your head with one hand while rubbing your stomach in circular motions with the other hand. [Edited by Administrator (admin) Sun, 26 Jun 2011, 10:30 AM]
ESL Game - Memory  by: kr
Title: Memory Type: Game Target: Any vocabulary Materials: Word and picture cards Procedure: Divide students into teams. On the board place the picture cards in grid formation. On the other side of..
Monstrous Trivia, Questions  by: Deanna Mascle
1. The Abominable Snowman, Yeti, Bigfoot, and Sasquatch appear in one form or another in which epics? A. Ancient Sumaria epic B. Russian literature C. Anglo-Saxon literature D. Greek mythology E. All..
Grammar Fitness - A Student-Friendly Activity  by: Dr. Robert W. F. Taylor
Let me begin by saying that this activity is really called "Dictation Race". However, students spend so much energy running up to the board and back to their partners that I have taken to calling it..
How many words does a 5th grader write for english normally? - Lesson  by: answers.yahoo.com
I have to write a lesson plan for a college class. I chose 5th grade English. The only problem is that no schools will tell me the normal word count for 5th grade essays. PLEASE help me, I just..
Lesson Plans  by: James Baker
Many people who have been teaching TEFL for awhile get tired of writing lesson plans. The benefit of writing them once is, you will not have to do them again. Make sure you always keep a copy of the..
How to Use Newspaper Articles for ESL Classes  by: Jonathan Rigden
Newspapers are a useful source of information for ESL learners for a variety of reasons. Newspapers generally operate on a slightly more formal level than everyday conversation, which makes the..
ESL Advanced Vocabulary Exercises  by: Lissa J
Once an ESL student progresses past the point of basic vocabulary, you need to bring in an entirely new set of exercises to continue to harness the student's mind and potential. There are several ESL..
Lesson Plans for "The Gift of the Magi"  by: Pamela Rivers
"The Gift of the Magi" is a short story written by O. Henry in 1906. The story revolves around a married couple who wish to buy each other presents for Christmas but have little money. So each can..
Sweet-Face Oxen: Child's Poem - ESL Teacher Robin Day Lesson  by: ROBIN DAY B.Sc. M.Sc. B.Ed.
Sweet-Face Oxen I'd love to ride a cow or ox, to scratch its ear, to walk and talk. They are such kindly beasts you know, to bear us forth to reap or sow. I'd lay or sit or sing or play upon my..
Upper Primary School Games  by: Bridget Galbreath
Difficulty: Easy Games are an effective way to teach, not just younger elementary students, but older elementarystudents as well. Games can help foster greater comprehension of subject matter..
How To Find The Meaning Of Words As You Read - Tips  by: Frank Gerace
Vocabulary Building and Reading Comprehension-- The meaning of unknown words which you come across in your reading sometimes can be known by their surroundings, that is, their contexts. The context..
English ESL Classroom Grammar Activities - ESL Teacher Andrew Lawton Lesson  by: Andrew Lawton
Learning English grammar can be a dry boring experience for ESL learners. Getting students to work together in interactive groups with a common goal will wake the class up on grammar teaching days...
ESL Game - Voice disguise  by: kr
Title: Voice disguise Type: Concentration Game Target: Any vocabulary Materials: None Procedure: Students close their eyes and one student is chosen by the teacher. That student must say the..
Homophones & Homonyms  by: A. D. Reed
Being Forward with my Foreword Homophones, also called homonyms, are words that sound alike but have different meanings and, usually, spellings. Some are near misses, like “desperate” and..
Interesting Facts By Trivial Topics (2)  by: Deanna Mascle
Question: What was the first animal to fly in a manmade device? Answer: If you answered a sheep, duck, rooster or dog you were right! Interesting Fact: A dog was the first in space and a sheep, a..
ESL GAME: Robbers and Cops  by: Sabia
You'll need to get a number of small objects for this game. You can use objects found around the classroom, or any other objects you would like to bring into the classroom. Split the young learners..
How To Play Seven Up (Video) - Short Lesson  by: yun
classroom games
ESL Outside Games  by: Becky Bright
Outside games for English as a Second Language (ESL) students provide cognitive anchors that will remain with the student long after the activity is completed. They are a hands-on and cooperative..
Tips for Successful Listening Activities in the English Language Classroom  by: Sarah Handsworth
Listening is an essential activity for any language learner. In listening we come up against a series of obstacles that prevent progression. It can be a depressing experience for a student to study..
Understand American Money - Lesson  by: ESL Free Lesson
Dear ESL Student, The American money system is logical and very easy to use. It is based on the dollar ($1.00), on which all cash and coins are dependent. There are 100 cents in a dollar. Coins are..
ESL Teaching Strategies for Middle Schoolers  by: Damon Verial
As a student becomes more proficient in her native language, her ability to develop English literacy becomes stronger. Therefore, as an ESL -- English as a second language -- teacher of middle school..
How to Write Effective Lesson Plans for ELLs  by: Glenda Race
English language learners (ELLs) of all levels need to develop reading, writing, listening and speaking skills in English. These abilities are best addressed through lesson plans that integrate such..
ESL Practice Activities for Gender Pronouns  by: Nikki Dodd
Many ESL students have trouble with several specific parts of grammatical English regardless of their backgrounds and nationalities. These include articles, prepositions and gender pronouns. The..
Free online games & quizzes for teachers and students  by: Steve
English Vocabulary: Basic Elements (Chemistry) (Flash) Blackjack, an ESL game (Perl) Poker, an ESL game (Perl) Super Hangman (Advanced) (Perl) Capitals of the World (Beginner) (Java) Write..