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Texas ISD School Guide
Texas ISD School Guide

Free Language Lessons

How to Speak Spanish by Learning Spanish Grammar and Spanish Adjectives
By:Alejandra Legarda

In a previous Spanish grammar lesson, I introduced the topic of Spanish adjectives. In that lesson, I introduced four key points on this topic of Spanish adjectives:

• Adjectives are words that are used to describe a person, place, or thing
• The nouns are either masculine or feminine
• Adjectives must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify
• In general, adjectives are preceded by nouns
• Nearly every adjective ends in end in -o, -e, or a consonant

Previously, we covered adjectives that end in -o. In this lesson we will cover adjectives that end in -e or a consonant. Let's begin by taking a look at some adjectives that end in -e:

abundante - abundante
bastante - enough
elegante - elegant
enorme - enormous
excelente - excellent
fuerte strong
grande - big
importante - Important
impresionante - impressive
independiente - independent
inteligente - intelligent
interesante -interesting
mediocre - mediocre
pobre - poor
suficiente - sufficient
triste - sad
verde - green

Keep in mind that the above class of adjectives only take on two forms. The two forms are singular and plural. With respect to -e ending adjectives, gender is not an issue. In order to make these adjectives plural, all we need to do is add an s to the ending.

El hombre interesante.
The interesting man.

Los hombres interesantes.
The interesting men.

La chica inteligente
The smart girl.

Las chicas inteligentes.
The smart girls.

Now let's examine some adjectives that end in consonants.

azul - blue
difícil - difficult
exterior - outer
fácil - easy
fatal - fatal
feliz - happy
final - final
gris - gray
inferior - inferior
interior - inner
inútil - useless
joven - young
natural - natural
normal - normal
oficial - official
popular - popular
tropical - tropical
usual - usual

The above class of adjectives also have only two forms. The two forms are singular and plural. As in the case of -e ending adjectives, with consonant ending adjectives gender is not an issue. When we wish to make these adjectives plural, we simply add -es:

La mujer joven.
The young woman.

Las mujeres jovenes.
The young women.

Alejandra K. Legarda is a free lance Spanish instructor. As a Spanish instructor, she was also involved in the development of the Learning Spanish Like Crazy self-study course and the Verbarrator software. To get a FREE interactive demo copy of the Verbarrator, the Spanish verb conjugator that is so fun and easy that it is addictive, go here now: www.Verbarrator.com.

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