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Lesson #17 ¨C Putting verbs into the TA ¨Cform ¤¿-form
The abilitiy to put Japanese verbs into the various bases quickly without pause is a pre-requisite for speaking fluently and being perceived as being a capable conversationalist. Of all the verbs Bases (I, II, III, IV , V, TA, and TE) the TA form ranks high in usage as one of the top three most used bases for verbs only after TE-¤Æand Base-III or root form. I am focusing on it now in order to prepare you for the quick powerful grammar secrets that employ Base TA verbs which will catapult your Japanese speaking ability through the roof. I¡¯ll be discussing many grammar rules that use the verb in Base TA. One of the main things you should know about the TA form of a verb is that it is used to put verbs into past tense plain form. A verb in base TA form is equivalent to English¡¯s have done or past tense perfect. The TA form of a verb has evolved from the classical form tari and it still has many uses (see lesson #23 and #19) Tip #17 How to form Base ta
1. Vowel Stemmed verbs (i.e. those ending in either eru or iru) a. to put a verb into the TA form when the verb has a vowel stem simply add ta Base III Dictionary form Stem Base Ta Meaning
kanjiru kanji kanjita To feel becomes to have felt.
oboeru oboe oboeta To remember becomes to have remembered
kangaeru kangae kangaeta To think becomes to have thought.
deru de deta To leave becomes to have left.
iru i ita To be becomes to have been. (was, were)
Try putting your favorite verb ending in iru or eru into the TA form today and get your Nihongo more Jozu! And remember¡
MORE WORDS MEMORIZED = HIGHER RATE of FLUENCY.
Until next time. Ganbatte ne! Do your best! Makurasuki Sensei