Studying primates we learn that:
"Offspring, especially male offspring, raised in a group in which their father is the alpha male, throughout their juvenile phase enjoy a host of advantages over less fortunate monkeys," said Perry, a UCLA anthropology professor who has studied capuchins for 22 years. "A stable, peaceful family environment may have been important to the well-being and future success of children among our remote ancestors, just as it is to children today."
"Since alpha males are responsible for siring the majority of offspring, gaining the leadership spot is very important for reproductive success,"
Males from broken families, without successful Alpha male fathers, are not so lucky.
"Subordinate males are very rarely the fathers of the young males, but they play with them a lot," she said. "They're really good baby-sitters."
It is probably best that the off-spring of non Alpha males seldom reproduce. They are best relegated to the wet winding streets of Pattaya.
- non-alpha males -- FTinPRC -- 2017-12-26